Civil engineering dates all the way back to ancient times. When people changed from a nomadic lifestyle to settle in communities, there was a need for large structures such as grain silos and temples. Transportation became important and led to the construction of roads. Today’s civil engineers design and supervise the building of all kinds of structures such as bridges, tunnels, and highways. Like many professions, civil engineering has several sub-disciplines.
Construction companies frequently use civil engineering services when taking on large, complex projects. Construction engineering is complex and involves many skills such as drafting, land surveying, environmental studies, and the transportation of materials.
When a structure or system such as a bridge fails, an investigation is performed by a forensic engineer. Much like a detective, this type of engineer looks for clues, examining the materials and construction techniques used in the failed structure. The main purpose is to learn how to avoid such failure in the future. Their findings may also be used as evidence in a criminal or civil court case.
Structural engineers work on the biggest of projects. They analyze and design structures for highway overpasses, bridges, large buildings such as skyscrapers, and many other massive construction projects. Their work involves creating a structure that can bear any loads the project may experience as well as stand up to weather and environmental conditions.
Transportation engineers have a very important job as they design streets, roads, highways, canals, and railroad systems that allow people and freight to move around the country. In addition to structural and environmental concerns, they must consider the amount of traffic expected.
Civil engineering is an honorable profession that began at the start of civilization. It is a broad category and there are many sub-disciplines, each with its own experts to perform its jobs.