Applications of Technical Fibers

If you are interested in applying innovative technical fiber materials, you will find extensive uses for them in the construction sector. These textiles can increase insulation, prevent noise, provide visual protection, and improve building safety. Other services for these textiles include flexible and protective materials and packaging. One of the most popular technical textiles applications is sports and leisure. They can be used as embankment reinforcement or in soils to protect, filter, drain, or separate.

Synthetic fibers

Technical fibers are those made from synthetic materials. Acrylic, polyamide, and polyvinyl chloride are the most common synthetic fibers. Polyamide is a type of synthetic polymer that is used for clothing, carpets, and other products. Various companies manufacture synthetic fibers in chemical plants. For example, DuPont developed elastane, a type of synthetic polymer. It has numerous uses in clothing and tire cords on jet airplanes. Other services for this material include filter cloth, packaging, and conveyor belts.

Polyolefin is another type of synthetic fiber. Its production involves several chemical processes, including texturing techniques and polymerization methods. Other technical fibers include Sulfur, Twaron, and Modacrylic. There are also special fibers, such as Saran and Modal, that are made from a mixture of different types of synthetic materials. These fibers differ from natural fibers because they are more flexible and have irregular surface contours and voids.


Nonwovens are versatile textiles that combine the properties of various textile constructions. This type of fabric is knitted or woven, composite, or membrane-based. This segment of the textile industry continues to grow at a rate of 8.5% per year due to increased demand for nonwoven materials and fabrics. Advancements in nonwoven technology will also increase market penetration. This book discusses nonwoven applications, including apparel, filtration, and personal hygiene.

Nonwovens are versatile and valuable materials for many industries. From apparel to automobiles, nonwovens can be used in many different applications. In addition, they can be manufactured using other methods, including spun-laced, meltblown, and electrospun processes. Polyester fibers, for example, can be made into nonwoven materials of various lusters and cross-sections. They are also fiberfill in multiple products, including floppy disk liners and auto upholstery.

Protective apparel

Technological advances have made it possible for protective apparel to be engineered to meet specific global standards. Flame-resistant apparel, for example, requires a flame-resistant outer shell while maintaining a comfortable level of warmth. TexTech Industries’ carbon(r) non-flammable fabrics are an excellent choice for this application. They won’t ignite even after being exposed to heat or flame for extended periods. The materials’ non-flammability makes them particularly useful for professionals working in potentially dangerous environments.

The protective textiles industry is rapidly transforming due to technological advancements and improvements. While most advances have been made in sports, fire, and radiation protection, protective textiles are also being developed for other purposes. 

Lightweight armor

Using a combination of carbon nanotubes and Kevlar nanofibers to make bulletproof body armor is a promising approach. The researchers wanted to build upon earlier research into the material’s impact absorption properties and worked to improve its performance by tinkering with the chemistry. First, scientists synthesized the Kevlar nanofibers, incorporated them into carbon nanotubes, and observed dramatic performance improvements.

Besides carbon fibers, technical fibers are also used for body armor. For example, polyp-phenylene-benzobisoxazole (PBO) is a type of gel-spun polyethylene. In addition, Toyobo, a company that produces Zylon, developed a high-performance fiber made of rigid-rod chain molecules. The materials that make up the armor are incredibly light and durable, so they are ideally suited for body armor.

Although technological advances in ceramic/composite materials have made body armor systems increasingly lightweight, they cannot completely protect from attacks. Increasing threats include armor-piercing rounds and large caliber bullets. As a result, existing body armor must be thicker to defeat these threats, increasing the overall weight. And the increased importance of the armor also limits its performance. Thus, focusing on the material’s strength is necessary to increase its resistance to attacks.